The Reich family in Dobrianychi
The following map shows the village of Dobrianychi. According to my research Wilhelm Reich was born here on March 24, 1897 in house No. 55 on Colony street. His grandfather Chaim Hersch Reich owned house No. 44 and was also the tenant of the local tavern (ukr: “korchma”).
The following map shows the historical places identified in relation to the Reich family:
Reich’s birth house on Colony street
The owner of the house was originally the protestant German settler Christian Fischer (1818-1881), who was buried on the local (old) cemetery. Probably Reich’s father Leon Reich had bought it after Fischer’s death, for his own wife and family. Today Reich’s birth house does not exist anymore, while the other houses on Colony street (yellow line) have remained. Hence it could be possible that Reich’s house was demolished under Nazi rule. On its position is the village grocery store today (see title photo above).
Reich’s grandfaher’s house
Wilhelm Reich’s grandfather Chaim Hersh Reich had been living in Dobrianychi at least since 1875 (according to the cadestral register). He owned a house in the old part of the village, which can be found downhill to the South. Also that house has been demolished. On its territory a new house and a beautiful garden were erected by the people who live there today.
Chaim Hersh Reich was the tenant of the village tavern (ukr: “korchma”). Those taverns were very important places of social activity. This one was situated on the road to the church, where e.g. on Sundays all the people passed by on there way to and after service. Also the tavern was demolished. According to a local resident, however, much later in the 20th century. Under Soviet rule the tavern was used as a utility shed for farm appliances. It was a stone building. So after the fall of the collective farm system, people used the stones as building material for their own houses.